Gov final

2016 Hughes gov final quiz for senior year. Fiefiednwndiscwxubwxqx. Anxieties X ax w xjjanxnkax

published on May 052 responses 0

Most voters are generally informed about issues and governmental processes

True
False

Gridlock is probably the necessary consequence of representative government

True
False

Which of The following choices is true about the Vice Presidential route to the presidency

It has been the oath to the presidency for most Vice Presidents
It has always been contested by partly leaders and outspoken
members of the judiciary
It works better through election than succession
It works better through succession than election

Max Weber and the pluralists would most likely agree that

No extra government elite controls politics
Economic policies are transparent
Written constitutions are mere symbols
Class warfare is inevitable

Max Weber might remind an individual who is upset at the prospect of radical change in government policy following a presidential election that

Only military leaders and congressional leaders can cause real change
in law and society
Presidents rarely act in opposition to the policy goals of the power
elite
There are thousands of government bureaucrats who remain in their
jobs before, during, and after such elections and they have a
considerable amount of power and discretion
Power is so widely dispersed and difficult to maintain there is little
chance of any real potential for change

Most of the justices currently on the Supreme Court came to the Court with previous judicial experience in the federal court system

True
False

When the Administrator of the Enviromental protection agency uses discretionary authority it means her authority to

Act on behalf of government officials and represent the government in
courts of law
Shift federal monies from agency to agency, depending on need
Make policies that are not specified out in advance by laws
Act without specific executive direction

Congress tends to be a decentralized institution with all members more interested in their own views and those of their voters than with programs proposed by the president

True
False

Reoresentatives who would follow their constituents when voters have a clear preference are called

Brokers
Partisans
Delegates
Trustees

Two clauses of the First Ammendment that deal with religion are concerned with

Free exercise and establishment
Separation and free exercise

All petitions for a writ of cetiorari must meet two criteria: the case must have appeals exhausted up to the Court, and the case must

Be brought by a US citizen
Involve a federal question
Have the support of four members of Congress (known as the Rule of
Four)
Involve a state question

Governmental policies have generally been a roadblock to the creation of interest groups

True
False

The process of solving a constituents problems dealing with the bureaucracy is called

Red tape
Electioneering
Incumbency
Casework

Incumbents have an electoral advantage over their challengers due to

Seniority
Competitive elections
High turnover
Access to resources

When the United States Constitution was written which compromise did the delegates reach to gain the support of the states with small populations

The President would be selected by the direct vote of the people
Five enslaved persons would be counted as three free persons for the
purpose of taxation
Congress would consist of both a House of Representatives and a
Senate
Exported goods could not be taxed but imported goods could be taxed

Bureaucratic conflict and duplication occur because

Of the need to satisfy political requirements
Congress often wants to achieve a number of different partially
inconsistent goals
Congress is always unclear as to exactly what it wants an agency to
do
Large organizations must ensure one part of the organization does
not operate out of step

Which best describes the impeachment process used by Congress

The Senate determines if there is enough evidence to impeach and if
necessary the impeachment trial occurs in the House of
Representatives
The House and Senate meet in joint session to decide whether to
impeach and if necessary trial occurs in the House of Representatives
The House determines if there is enough evidence to impeach and if
necessary the impeachment trial occurs in the Senate
The House and Senate meet in a joint session to decide whether to
impeach and if necessary whether to convict

With the decline of political parties, the importance of the media has increased

True
False

Interest groups do not generally lobby the courts

True
False

The Supreme Court ruled in favor of Virginia Military institute when it's tradition of admitting only male cadets was challenged

True
False

One factor that helped break the deadlock that developed in the civil rights movement during the early 1960's was the

The election of republican presidents
Media coverage of violence by white segregationist particularly in
Alabama
Decentralization of power in the House and Senate
Non violent civil disobedience

Instrumental to black civil rights gains in the 1960's was the publicizing of their grievances

True
False

Once a law has been ruled unconstitutional congress is powerless to do anything about it

True
False

Those who believe that government is little more than a front for capitalists would most likely be att reacted to the thinking of

Karl Marx
Max Weber
C. wright Mills
John Stuart Mill

Libertarians are those who oppose government presence both in the economy and in people's lifestyle choices

True
False

Political power is the ability to influence who rules and how rulers believe

True
False

If something happened to the president and Vice President then the next office in line for the presidency is

The speaker of the house
The secretary of defense
The senate majority leader
The president pro tempore of the senate

The Supreme Court recognized that the various protections in the Bill of Rights applied to the states from the time the Bill of Rights was ratified

True
False

The Fourth Amendment grants individuals the freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures

True
False

Congressman Smith favors minimum wage legislation but is opposed to outlawing abortion. On the basis of these two issues he would be best classified as a

Libertarian
Pure liberal
Populist
Pure conservative

The wording of the constitution is purposely vague and elastic regarding the federal governments right to make laws

True
False

The federal system of government increases opportunities for American citizens to participate in politics at the federal state and local levels

True
False

A strong central government existed under the Articles of confederation

True
False

In reality, judicial review runs counter to the tradition of checks and balances in this country

True
False

The Secretary of State becomes president if both the president and Vice President die in office

True
False

The federal government compelled the states to lower the blood alcohol limit for driving under the influence to .08 by threatening to withhold highway funds. This is an example of

Police power
Nullification
A mandate
A condition of aid

Supreme Court decisions in Mapp v Ohio, Gideon v Wainwright, and Miranda v Arizona affected individual liberties by

Preventing the use of organized prayer in public schools
Expanded the constitutional rights of people accused of crimes
Eliminated the poll tax as a requirement for voting
Requiring equal pay for men and women performing the same job

What is the most basic role of political parties

To fight for ideologically district policy preferences
To resist the issues favored by their opponents
To nominate candidates and win elections
To raise money for party employees

The political party and politically oriented interest group

Are similar in that they both put candidates up for election
Are really the same thing
Are different only in their constituency
Differ because political parties try to win elections while interest
groups main goals are to influence government decisions

Bureaucrats don't make policy;they only implement it

True
False

Senatorial courtesy allows United States Senators to wield great influence over the appointment of Federal District Court judges

True
False

If an interest group wanted to influence the US Supreme courts decision in a specific case, they would

File an informa pauperis brief
File an amicus curiae brief
File an ad nauseum brief
File a stew decisis brief

Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg votes on the side of a majority of Supreme Court justices in the case of Smith v. jones even though her reasoning differs from the others. She may choose to express her reasons in a

Per curium opinion
Concurring opinion
Opinion of the court
Dissenting opinion

Which of the following contributed to the inaccurate results in the TV guide poll Ross Perot used in s 1992 presidential campaign

The poll was taken in July and voters had changed their minds by
November
Self selection by the TV Guide readers
The poll results actually favored George H.W. bush
He ran another poll in Newsweek and confused the voters by
publishing the results of both polls

To override a presidential veto requires a

Three fourths vote in both houses of congress
Two thirds vote in each house of congress
Two thirds vote in either house of congress
Simples majority vote in both houses of congress

Congress is organized on the basis of political parties

True
False

The free exercise clause of the first amendment requires the separation of church and state

True
False

Congressional oversight is frequently used as a means of controlling executive power

True
False

Most young people accept their parents political party identification

True
False

The office holders and candidates who runs under a political party's banner refers best to the

Party-in-government
Party-in-the-electorate
Presidential party
Party organization

To qualify for presidency and individual must be a resident of the US for at least 14 years

True
False

George Washinton established the practice of the president serving s four year term rather than a two year term

True
False

The president shares the treaty making power with the House of Representatives

True
False

The tenth amendment to the US Constitution explicitly reserved broad powers to the states

True
False

When a non profit agency received federal funds is required by the office of management and budget to use one accounting system rather than another or when an individual is required to file forms before receiving social security benefits such as requirements are called

Arbitrary requirements
Duplication of functions
Red tape
Mandatory incursions

The process through which an individual acquires particular political orientations is called

Socialization
Politicization
Acquisition
Public opinion

The constitution soecifically denies states the power to coin money, to enter into treaties or to defend the country

True
False

Interest groups are most likely to try to influence the courts by

Hiring judges as consultants
Filing amicus curiae briefs
Granting certiorari
Contributing to the judges favorite charities

The responsibilities of the bureaucracy are spelled out in detail in Article II of the United States Constitution

True
False

A system in which citizens elect such representatives as United States Senators, State Represenatives and City Council members who decide policies on behalf of their constituents is known as

Representative democracy
Monarchy
Theocracy
Direct democracy

A lobbyist effectiveness depends on

Resources especially money
His or her ability to play up to a legislators ego
Giving legislators false and misleading information
A reputation for honesty and fair play

Who is the presidnet of the senate and can only vote in case of a tie

The Vice President of the US
The senate majority leader
The president pro tempore
The speaker of the house

The difference between a mandate and a condition of aid is that

With a mandate the federal government allows the state to do as it
pleases as long as it's actions are in accordance with federal law
With a mandate the federal government tells a state government
what it must do if it wants grant money
A mandate applies to all states regardless if they receive federal aid;
a condition of aid applies requires the state to meet specific to receive
the federal aid
A mandate applies to a categorical grant; a condition of aid applies to
a block grant

Laws treating men and women differently have traditionally been perceived as protective of rather than harmful to, women

True
False

One thing that is crucial to the success of all interest group is/are

PACs
Funding
Direct mail
Political support

Congress tends to be a decentralized institution with all members more interested in their own views and those of their voters than with programs proposed by the president

True
False

The term "Rule of Four" refers to the

Fact that four judges sit in appellate court proceedings
Need for four Supreme Court justices to vote to hear a case on appeal
What must happen before writs of babes corpus are issued
Existence of four levels of courts from local to national

The doctrine of nullification held that a state could refuse to enforce within its boundaries a federal law that exceeded the national governments authority

True
False

The term democracy was originally associated with

Karl Marx
Aristotle
Thomas Jefferson
St. Augustine

An example of a good faith exception to the exclusionary rule created by the United States v Leon decision would be if police

Use a defective search warrant they believe to be valid
Search an automobile they believe to be carrying drugs
Conduct a search incidental to an arrest
Conduct a search with a properly obtained search warrant

The framers of the constitution embraced representative democracy because they saw it as a way of minimizing the chances that power would be abused either by a tyrannical popular majority or self serving office holders

True
False

Incumbents in congressional elections typically enjoy a great advantage over challenges

True
False

The Supreme Court recognized that the various protections in the bill of rights applied to the states from the time the bill of rights was ratified

True
False

Pluralists believe that power is spread among numerous groups and coalitions of interests

True
False

Interest groups give Americans another opportunity to access the government

True
False

The Secretary of State becomes president if both the president and Vice President die in office

False
True

The word "democracy" does not appear in the United Staes Constitution

True
False

of the following that is true, which one is true about the vice presidential route to the presidency

It works better through election than succession
It works better through succession than election
It has always been contested by party leaders and ourspoken
members of the judiciary
It has been the path to the presidency for most Vice Presidents

The Enviromental Protection agency and NASA are examples of

Government corporations
Cabinet departments
Independent Executive agencies
Independent regulatory agencies

Congresswomen Jones is opposed to additional spending on medical care, opposed to legalizing marijuana, and in favor of the death penalty. She is most likely a

Conservative
Independent
Liberal
Libertarian

The federal system in our government goes a long way toward explaining why US political parties are more _____ than European political parties

Ideological
Decentralized
Aggressive
Centralized

When different political parties control the presidency and congress it is called

Sequestration
Divided government
Partisan government
Separation of powers

It is during this that the national party platform is adopted and the presidential and vice presidential candidates are formally nominated

State party conventions
The presidents executive party organization
Voters in the various state primaries and caucuses
National convention

It has been suggested that senators actually appoint district judges and presidents confirm them, through the practice of

Requiring a three fourths majority for confirmation
Requiring a two thirds majority for confirmation
Senatorial courtesy
Advice and consent

Both the District of Columbia v. Heller and the McDonald v. Chicago decisions upheld an individual's right to possess a firearm and to use that firearm for traditionally lawful purposes. This right is protected by the

Fourth amendment
Second amendment
Fifth amendment
Third amendment

The Supreme Court has allowed the burning of the American flag as a form of protected symbolic speech

True
False

The most commonly used form of congressional oversight of the bureaucracy is li

Litigation
Investigation
The injunction
Appointment

Interest groups play a negligible role in American politics

True
False

Although the electoral system does not prevent the formation of minor parties, it may prevent minor parties from winning elections

True
False

The Creative federalism model specified that the federal government and the states operated within their separate spheres with little or no interaction

True
False

The term fillbuster refers to

The process a bill goes through from its introduction to its signing by
he president
Prolonged debate in the senate to prevent passage of a bill
The attempt by senators to secure positions on important committees
Party caucuses to select congressional candidates

The dual court system of the United States refers to

Criminal and civil courts
Federal and state courts
Legislative and constitutional courts
Trial and appellate courts

Agencies themselves are typically to blame when conflict duplication, or imperialism occurs within the bureaucracy

True
False

The United States v Nixon decision held that there is

No unqualified presidential privilege of immunity from the judicial
process
No executive privilege
Absolute presidential immunity from judicial oversight
Presidential immunity does not apply to matters which are civil in
nature

The dual court system of the United States refers to

Legislative and constitutional courts
Trial and appellate courts
Federal and state courts
Criminal and civil courts

The fourth amendment grants individuals the freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures

True
False

Differences in public opinion are more common in the United States than in many other countries because the United States

Has a socially diverse population
Has relative distinctions in society based on class
Places a high value on social equality
Has a high degree of religious freedom

Most Americans have political opinions but their views are not well organized into a coherent political ideology

True
False

The justification of federal courts is controlled by

The constitution alone
The executive branch particularly the justice department
The constitution and federal status
Congress

In May of 2011 Meredith Attwell Baker left the Federal Communications Commission to join the broadcast media corporation Comcast as its senior lobbyist. This is a clear example of

Double-dipping
The revolving door
A conflict of interest
Agency lacing

A Presidne suffers a stroke but nevertheless wants to remain in office. The Vice President and the cabinet disagree. According to the Twenty third amendment the President may be removed by

A two thirds vote of congress
Impeachment
A Supreme Court ruling
The combined opinions of the Vice President and cabinet

A system in which citizens elect such representatives as United States Senators, Represenatives, and City Council members who decide policies on behalf of the constituents is known as

Representative democracy
Theocracy
Monarchy
Direct democracy

The Office of Mangament and Budget the Office of Personnel Manasgment and the Council of Economic Advisors are all

Committees with Congress
Departments in the presidents Cabinet
Committees chosen to by Congress to advise the president
Part of the Executive Office of the President

The spread of the direct primary has made it more difficult for parties to control who is nominated for elective office

True
False

The Virginia plan based representatives equally among the states

True
False

At the Constitutional Convention of 1787 delegates from the small states most strongly supported the idea of

Levying taxes on exports
Equal representation for the states in Congress
Popular election of Senators
Establishing strong executive

The great compromise reconciled the interests of the small and large states over representation

True
False

Judges play little or no role in the policy-making process in the United States

False
True

The government in the South during the Civil War was called a confederacy. A true confederacy differs from the federalist system of the US in that it

Places states in a subservient manner in relation to the matters of the
interstate commerce
It is legally and politically independent of any other government
Grants more sovereignty to the individual states
Permits state governments to do only what the central government
allows

With the Gibbons v Ogden decision, the Supreme Court strengthened the federal governments ability to regulate interstate commerce

True
False

The phrase "life liberty and the pursuit of happiness" was a familiar one even before Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence

True
False

The United States constitution forbade the outlawing of slavery for twenty years

True
False

The framers of the constitution who began as "federalists" at the convention ultimately became known as "antifederalists" during the struggle over ratification

True
False

Open primary

Allow all registered voters to cast a vote in either party's primary
Limit crossover voting
Are the most widespread form of primary
Limit primary voting to registered party supporters

The phrase "life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness" was a familiar one even before the Declaration of Independence

True
False

Congressional oversight is frequently used as a means of controlling executive power

True
False

The committee that works out a compromise bill from different versions of a bill passed by the House of Represntatives and the Senate is known as

Select committee
Sub-committee
Standing committee
Conference committee

In recent years economic issues have become more important than no economic issues is shaping political attitudes

True
False

The tenth amendment to the US Constitution explicitly reserved broad powers to the states

True
False

The Americans with disabilities Act enforces the rights of the distilled regardless of the costs

True
False

Few bills die in committee

True
False

In reality judicial review runs counter to the tradition is checks and balances in this country

True
False

Thomas Hobbes and John Locke developed this theory through their writings, the essence of which is that individuals possesses free will and are endowed with the ability to consent to be governed

Social contract theory
Free and equal theory
Bureaucratic theory
Seperation of powers

Unscientific surveys used to gauge public opinion on a variety of issues are called

Tracking polls
Exit polls
Straw polls
Deliberative polls

Your Miranda rights include the right to make one telephone call after being arrested

True
False

The Framers of the Constitution embraced representative democracy because it is a way of minimizing the chances that power would be abused either by a tyrant of popular majority or self serving office holders

True
False

The Framers of the Constitution placed their trust in the collective wisdom of the American people

False
True

Aristotles notions of democracy were based on governments that are of a small percentage of the population to participate

True
False

No one may operate a newspaper without a license from the ferderal communications commissions

True
False

One reason why members of a political elite are more consistent in their ideological beliefs than the average citizen is that they are

Less influenced by favors such as religion and family
Better informed
Less influenced by peers
Smarter

Incumbents in congressional elections typically enjoy a great advantage over challenges

True
False

Justice Sonia Sotomayor completely disagrees with the majority of the Supreme Courttices in the case of Smith v Jones. She may choose to express her reasons in a

Dissenting opinion
Opinion of the court
Per curiam opinion
Concurring opinion

The US constitution garuntees the existence of the states

True
False

The Internet is essentially an unregulated medium

True
False

Most legislators tend to work with interest groups with whom they agree

True
False

A judge can issue a search warrant only when probable cause exists that evidence of a crime will be found

True
False

The principle of precedent states that courts must rely on past decisions in order to decide new cases of similar nature

True
False

Cloture refers to the legislative process by which senators can end a fillbuster

True
False

The argument created by the Weeks v United States case that tainted evidence cannot be used in court if citizens rights are to be maintained leads to what is called

Discipline of police officers
Double jeopardy
Plea bargaining
The exclusionary rule

Block grants were designed to remedy a common criticism of categorical grants, namely

The difficultly of adapting strictly defined categorical grants to the
local needs
Their discriminatory nature-decisions are too often based on politics
Their lack of relevance to problems that were perceived to be
"national" in nature
Their lack of responsibility

The responsibilities of the bureaucracy are spelled out in the fetal in Article II or the United States Constitution

True
False

The two clauses of the First Amendment that deal with religion are concerned with

Free exercise and establishment
Prohibition and free exercise
Prohibition and separation
Separation and free exercise

Representatives who would follow their constituents when voters have a clear preference are called

Trustees
Brokers
Delegates
Partisans

A dual court system of the United States refers to

Legislative and constitutional courts
Trial and appellate courts
Federal and state courts
Criminal and civil courts

The Speaker is the most powerful person in the House is Reoresentatives

True
False

Pluralist believe that power is spread among numerous groups and interests

True
False

men who began as "federalists" at the constitutional convention ultimately became known as "antifederalists" during the struggle over ratification

True
False