pathophysiology practice test (10)

pathophysiology practice test (10)

<<<<<<<<< acid-base disturbances>>>>>>>>>> <<<multiple choices>>>

published on June 17, 20127 responses 0
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1/25

metabolic alkalosis can occur in?

Hint: 2 choices
intensive vomiting
severe diarrhea
hypokalemia
fever
2/25

patient of acidosis may occur?

responsiveness of blood vessels to catecholamines ↓
cardiac arrhythmia
myocardial contractility↓
depressed action of central nervous system
3/25

blood gas changes in uncompensated metabolic alkalosis may be?

PaCO2 30 mmHg
BE -10
SB 29
pH 7.36
4/25

the chloride responsive alkalosis can be seen in?

Hint: 2 choices
hypokalemia
administration loop diuretics long period
CI loss in gastric tract
hyperaldosteronism
5/25

PaCO2>47 mmHg may take place in?

Hint: 2 choices
metabolic acidosis
metabolic alkalosis
respiratory acidosis
metabolic acidosis plus respiratory alkalosis
6/25

blood gas changes in uncompensated metabolic acidosis may be?

Hint: 3 choices
pH 7.36
SB 29
BE -10
PaCO2 30 mmHg
7/25

the respiratory alkalosis plus metabolic acidosis can be seen in?

sepsis
severe renal disease with chronic liver diseas
salicylate intoxication
fever with overventilation
8/25

the parameters which can be influenced by PaCO2 are?

Hint: 2 choices
AB
SB
AG
pH
9/25

the mechanisms of alkalosis induced by severe vomitting are?

loss a large amount of H of gastric juice
loss a large amount of K of gastric juice
loss a large amount of CI of gastric juice
loss a large amount of ECF
10/25

AB>SB usually indicates?

Hint: 2 choices
metabolic acidosis
respiratory alkalosis
respiratory acidosis
metabolic alkalosis
11/25

the dysfunction of CNS can occur in patient with?

metabolic acidosis
metabolic alkalosis
respiratory alkalosis
respiratory acidosis
12/25

respiratory alkalosis can occur in?

Hint: 2 choices
emphysema
overdose of sporific
fever
hysteria
13/25

the causes of abalienation in respiratory acidosis is?

Hint: 2 choices
CO2 ↑
[Cl-]↓ in plasma
pH↓ in cerebrospinal fluid
[K]↑ in plasma
14/25

AG is?

Hint: 2 choices
undetermined anion
subtracting undetermined cation from undetermined
anion in plasma?
subtracting undetermined anion from undetermined
caion in plasma?
[Na]-[CI]-[HCO3]
15/25

blood gas changes in compensated respiratory acidosis may be?

Hint: 3 choices
pH 7.36
SB 29
BE -10
PaCO2 30 mmHg
16/25

the identical features of intracellular buffering between metabolic acidosis and respiratory acidosis are?

Hint: 3 choices
CO2 go into cells
H go into cells
Cl go into cells
HCO3 move out cells
17/25

BE -9 mmol/L may be seen in?

Hint: 2 choices
metabolic acidosis
chronic respiratory alkalosis
respiratory acidosis
metabolic alkalosis
18/25

Both AB and SB decreased can be seen in?

Hint: 2 choices
respiratory acidosis
chronic respiratory alkalosis
metabolic alkalosis
metabolic acidosis
19/25

blood gas changes in acute respiratory alkalosis may be?

pH > 7.50
BE normal
AB decreases
PaCO2 ⇊
20/25

pH 7.35 to 7.45 of arterial blood can occur in?

normal people
compensated metabolic acidosis
compensated respiratory acidosis
respiratory acidosis plus metabolic alkalosis
21/25

the nonvolatile acids produced in metabolic processes in our body include?

Hint: 3 choices
sulfuric acid
carbolic acid
phosphoric acid
lactic acid
22/25

the mechanisms of hyperkalemia in acidosis are?

Hint: 3 choices
H of ECF moves into cells
ingestion of K↑ by digestive tract
K of IVF moves out cells
excretion of K↓ by epithelial cells of renal tubule
23/25

AB<22 mmol/L can occur in?

Hint: 3 choices
uncompensated metabolic acidosis
compensated metabolic acidosis
respiratory alkalosis
respiratory acidosis
24/25

the mechanisms of alkalosis in hypochloraemia are ?

Hint: 2 choices
excretion of NH4 of tubular cel↓ l
the exchange of Na-H in renal tubule↑
excretion of K in kidney ↓
the reabsorption of NaHCO3 in kidney↑
25/25

PaCO2 60mmHg may be seen in?

Hint: 2 choices
metabolic alkalosis
metabolic acidosis
chronic respiratory alkalosis
respiratory acidosis