pathophysiology practice test (9)

pathophysiology practice test (9)

>>>>>>>>>>>>>Acid-base disturbances >>>>>>>>>>>> Single choice<<<<<<<<<

published on May 19, 2012121 responses 1 5.0★ / 5

renal tubular acidosis can lead to?

metabolic acidosis with normal [Cl-]
metabolic acidosis with increased [Cl-]
respiratory acidosis
metabolic alkalosis

which kind of acid-base disturbance does the increased AG usually occurs in?

metabolic acidosis
metabolic acidosis with normal [Cl-]
metabolic acidosis with increases [Cl-]
resiratory acidosis

which kind of mixed acid-base disturbance does patient impossible develop?

respiratory acidosis plus metabolic
alkalosis
respiratory acidosis plus respiratory
alkalosis
metabolic acidosis plus respiratory
alkalosis
metabolic acidosis plus metabolic
alkalosis

the electrolytic changes in respiratory acidosis are?

hypokalemia and hypochloraemia
hyperkalemia and hypochloraemia
hyperkalemia and hyperchloraemia
hypokalemia and hyperchloraemia

the buffering in ECF of metaboic acidosis can lead to?

AB ↑
[HCO3-] ↑
HCO3- consumed
PaCO2 ↑

a patient with high fever has a laboratory as follows: pH 7.55 PaCO2 30 mmHg AB 23 mmol/L BE 1mmol/L SB24 mmol/L the diagnosis should be?

metabolic alkalosis
metabolic acidosis
acute respiratory alkalosis
chronic respiratory alkalosis

primarily decreased [HCO3-] can occurs in?

metabolic acidosis
respiratory alkalosis
metabolic alkalosis
metabolic alkalosis plus respiratory
alkalosis

the neuromuscular hyperexcitability in alkalosis mainly is induced by?

[Ca2+]↓ in serum
[K+]↓ in serum
[Na+]↓ in serum
[Cl-]↓ in serum

which is the best parameter that can reflect respiratory status in the body?

PaCO2
pH
SB
BB
AB

the pH of plasma is determined by?

the ratio of [HCO3] and [H2CO3]
PaCO2
BE
[HCO3]

cardiopulmonary arrest can usually lead to?

metabolic acidosis
respiratory acidosis
metabolic alkalosis
metabolic acidosis plus respiratory
acidosis
metabolic alkalosis plus respiratory
acidosis

metabolic acidosis with normal AG occurs in?

shock
severe diarrhea
severe hypoxia
uncontrolled diabetic mellitus

the acidic urine in alkalosis means?

hyponatremia
hypokalemia
hypocalcemia
hypochloraemia

a patient with shock has a laboratory test as follows: pH 7.30PaCO2 30 mmHg AB 16 mmol/L BE -6 mmol/L the diagnosis should be?

metabolic acidosis
respiratory alkalosis
metabolic alkalosis
acute respiratory acidosis

PaCO2 primarily increased can occur in?

metabolic acidosis
respiratory alkalosis
respiratory acidosis
metabolic alkalosis

[HCO3-] secondarily decreased can occur in?

metabolic acidosis
respiratory acidosis
metabolic alkalosis
respiratory alkalosis

metabolic acidosis with increased AG can induced by?

severe diarrhea
overdoes of normal saline
uncontrolled diabetes mellitus
hyperkalemia

the difference of parameters btween acute respiratory acidosis and chronic respiratory acidosis mainly induced by?

buffering in ECF
respiratory compensation
renal compensation
buffering in ICF

hysteria can lead to?

metabolic acidosis
respiratory alkalosis
respiratory acidosis
metabolic alkalosis

severe renal failure can induce?

metabolic acidosis with increased [Cl-]
metabolic alkalosis
respiratory acidosis
metabolic acidosis with normal [Cl-]