EMT Certificate Practice Test

EMT Certificate Practice Test

This test will push your EMT brain to the edge! With your cardiac system pumping and your blood flowing you will be exhausted by the end!

published on February 11, 201416 responses 0 5.0★ / 5

Considering the anatomy of the human body, an EMT tube that appears to sink lower into the patient's airway is most likely entering the paiteint's

a. left mainstem bronchus
b. right mainstem bronchus
c. stomach
d. esophagus
e. mediastinum

The Electrocardiogram (ECG) provides graphic information about the

a. electrical activity of the heart
b. electrical activity of the brain
c. force and effectiveness of caridaccontraction
d. Answers (a) and (c)
e. Answers (a), (b), and (c)

Types of electrodes (patches or pads) used for the prehospital ECG include

a. small electrodes for monitoring only large electrodes that can delivers an electrical shock (defibrillate) as well as monitor
b. large electrodes from monitoring only small electrodes that can deliver an electrical shock (defibrillate) as well as monitor
c. dry (unlubricated) electrodes for monitoring only prelubricated electrodes that can deliver an electrical shock as well as monitor.
d. Answers (a) or (b) depending upon brand of electrode
e. Answers (a), (b), or (c) depending upon brand of electrode

The abbreviation "IV" stands for the medical term

a. intervascular
b. injection-venous
c. inner-venous
d. into-vessel
e. intravenous

The IV tubing type that delivers 1 cc with every 10 or 15 drops is called the

The IV tubing type that delivers 1 cc with every 10 or 15 drops is called the
a. macro drip (or maxi drip) administration set
b. big drop administration set
c. adult drip administration set
d. large drip administration set
e. Answers (b) or (c)

The administration set's drip chamber should be

a. free fluid (to avoid obstruction of drip rate visualization)
b. completely filled with fluid to prevent air from entering the IV tubing
c. filled only about one-third full of fluid (leaving two-thirds of the chamber filled with air)
d. completely filled with fluid only for the 60 drops/1 cc administration set
e. completely filled with fluid only for the 10 or 15 drops/1 cc administration sets.

If the IV fluid stops flowing through the patient's IV catheter

a. a blood clot may have formed inside the catheter, rendering the IV site useless
b. the EMT should pull the catheter slightly out of the patient (1 or 2 cm), and forcefully squeeze the bag to get the IV running again
c. the EMT should inject 30 to 50 cc of air through the medication administration port, to clear the IV of debris, and get it running again
d. Answers (b) or (c)
e. Answers (a), (b), or (c)

A "runaway IV"

A "runaway IV"
a. is an IV that is is flowing too fast (faster than what the patient's condition requires)
b. is when the IV needle or catheter has punctured the vein, and fluid is flowing into the tissues around the IV site instead of into the vein.
c. may cause a fluid overload that can create serious problems for the patient
d. Answers (a) and (c)
e. Answers (a), (b), and (c)

An "infiltrated IV"

a. is am IV that flowing too fast (faster than what the patient's condition requires)
b. is when the IV needle or catheter has punctured the vein, and fluid is flowing into the tissues around the IV site instead of into the vein.
c. may cause a fluid overload that can create serious problems for the patient
d. Answers (a) and (c)
e. Answers (b) and (c)

When breathing through the nose, the first area that air enters is the

When breathing through the nose, the first area that air enters is the
a. pharynx
b. nasopharynx
c. larynx
d. hypopharynx
e. oropharynx

The medical term for the "voice box" is the

a. cricoid cartilage
b. larynx
c. valecula
d. epiglottis
e. trachea

A laryngoscope is best defined as an illuminating tool that is inserted into the pharynx, and used to visualize the pharynx and

a. larynx (vocal cords)
b. cricoid cartilage (vocal cords)
c. vocal cords (cricoid cartilage)
d. trachea (cricoid cartilage)
e. nasopharynx

Indications for orotracheal intubation of pediatric patients include all of the following, except when

a. prolonged artificial ventilation will be required
b. adequate artificial ventilation cannot be achieved by other means
c. the pediatric patient is in cardiac arrest
d. the pediatric patient is in respiratory arrest
e. oropharyngeal airway insertion causes the unconscious pediatric patient to cough or sputter

Before inserting a soft (French) suction catheter into the ET tube for deep suctioning, the EMT should

a. estimate the length of catheter to be inserted by measuring from the patient's lips, to his ear, to his nipple line (an approximation of the
distance from the top of the ET tube to the carina)
b. preoxygenate the patientby hyperventilating with a high concentration of oxygen
c. deflate the ET tube's cuff to allow for residual ventilation during ET suction
d. Answers (a) and (b)
e. Answers (a), (b), and (c)

Which of the below statements regarding use of ET intubation tubes with or without inflatable cuffs is true?

a. Children 8 years old and younger should not be intubated with a cuffed ET tube
b. Uncuffed ET tubes are only used for infant intubation
c. All patients older than 2 years should be intubated with a cuffed ET tube
d. All patients older than 3 years should be intubated with a cuffed ET tube
e. All patients older than 5 years should be intubated with a cuffed ET tube

When verifying correct placement of the ET tube with a stethoscope, the first place the EMT should listen is over the

a. epigastrium
b. apex of the left lung
c. apex of the right lung
d. base of the left lung
e. base of the right lung

The tough outer coat of the eye's globe is called the

The tough outer coat of the eye's globe is called the
a. epidermis
b. cornea
c. vitreous body
d. orbit
e. sclera

Any MOI that causes the head to be abruptly thrust backward will probably produce a BLANK injury of the spine

a. compression
b. hyperflexion
c. hyperextension
d. distraction
e. rotation

Another term for the posterior surface of the body is the BLANK surface

a. dorsal
b. ventral
c. plantar
d. palmar
e. inguinal

The major functions of the BLANK are to secrete hormones that regulate blood sugar levels and to release enzymes that assist in breaking down food in the small intestine

a. gallbladder
b. liver
c. kidneys
d. pancreas
e. duodenum

The BLANK is the largest organ in the human body

a. liver
b. right lung
c. small intestine
d. large intestine
e. skin

The apex of an organ is best defined as it's

a. pointed portion
b. superior portion
c. inferior portion
d. flat portion
e. largest (usually rounded) portion

The best definition of the midscapular line is an imaginary line drawn from the middle of either scapula,

a. down to the heel on the either side
b. down to the lowest margin of the posterior torso on the same side
c. across to the other scapula
d. Answers (a) or (b)
e. Answers (a) or (c)

In the anatomical position, the ulna is BLANK to the humerus

a. proximal
b. anterior
c. superior
d. posterior
e. distal

A person in the supine position is lying

a. on his stomach
b. on his side
c. on the floor
d. on a bed with his head elevated 40 degrees
e. on his back