Biology Semester 2 Final

Biology Semester 2 Final

This is my final study guide put into a quiz to help me study for my final.

published on May 26, 201314 responses 0

The physical principle upon which kidney dialysis is based is ___

Muscles are connected to bones by ___

A nerve is composed of ____

The alveoli are kept open by ____ so that gas exchange can take place.

The membranes that protect the brain and spinal cord are called ___

Which part of the brain contains centers for the heartbeat and respiration?

The primary function of the spiinal cord involve ____ between brain and spinal nerve.

What is responsible for the storage of extra bile?

Water is absorbed primarily by the ___

Trace the path of an inhaled air molecule.

nasal cavity, larynx, glottis, pharynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles,
nasal cavity, pharynx, glottis, larynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles,
nasal cavity, larynx, glottis, pharynx, trachea, bronchioles, bronchi,

In the body, glucose is stored in the liver as ____

Which layer of the skin protects the body from bacterial infection and water loss?

Melanin is a substance responsible for ____

What is one word describing homeostasis?

The blood vessel that provides oxygen to the heart tissue is the ___

What are the basic types of tissue?

Select the four correct answers

Oxygen is transported in blood most efficiently by ___

Microvilli forma brush border on the cells of the ___

The main function of the cerebrospinal fluid is protection of ___

The ____ capillaries are enclosed by the glomerular (Bowman's) capsule.

Which is not a major function of the respiratory tract?

warming of incoming air
moisteing incoming air
heating incoming air
filtering dust
conducting air with high oxygen levels

Which portion of the respiratory tract is commonly referred to as the "throat"?

Which type of cell is used to carry oxygen in the blood?

What does HCl activate in the stomach?

Higher than normal blood pressure is called ___

Expired air will contain ____ than inspired air.

The part of the circulation involved with pumping blood to and from the lungs is the ___

Which type of muscle is involuntary and lacks striations?

The pacemaker of the heart is termed the

The vocal cords are found in the ___

The blood that enters the coronary artery comes from the ___

The Adam's apple is actually a part of the ___

Which are cell fragments that help initiate blood clotting?

Most of the carbon dioxide transported in the plasma is in the form of ___

What is the function of the epithelial?

In humans, digestion of starches begins in the ____

The ___ functions to store food, kill bacteria, and partially digest proteins.

The entrace and exit of air into and out of the lungs is called ___

The sodium/potassium pump is primarily responsible for the ___

The pH of the stomach is usually about _

The air that is moved in and out with each normal breath is termed the ___

Which blood vessels will have walls only one cell thick?

Which respiratory organ normally allows both air and food passage?

A reflex action is ___

What is the function of the nervous tissues?

Neurtransmitters are molecules that cross the synaptic cleft and either excite or inihibit the ____

The part of the skin that has adipose tissue to help insulate the body is the ___

The digestive juices found in the stomach include

What is the function of muscle tissue?

The type of respiration in which ATP is produced is called ___

Reabsorption occurs in the ____ of the nephron

In the axon, the nerve impulses travel ___

Red blood cells are red due to ____

Villi serve to ___

Name the accessory glands in the digestive system.

Contraction of the right ventricle forces blood initially into the ___

Spnal nerves contain ___

The tube that transports urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder is the ___

If a person has a blood pressure of 120/80, the "120" refers to the ____

The urethra serves what other body system in males?

Which part of the brain is used to integrate incoming information and send it to the appropriate portion of the cerebrum?

Name the tissue in which the cells are separated by a liquid.

Food is prevented from entering the trachea by ____

What is the change in the difference in positive and negative ions on the outer and inner surfaces of the neurons?

What is the function of sodium bicarbonate in the digestive tract?

The exchange of gases between the lungs and the blood occurs by the process of ___

In the body, glucose is stored in the liver as ____

An increased amount of ADH leads to

Which lobe of the cerebrum is responsible for vision?

What is the function of connective tissue?

The glomerular capsule ____

The rate of breathing is chiefly dependent on chemical factors in the blood, of which the most important is ___

Platelets initiate ___

Excretion is a process in which ___ is removed from the body.

Heartburn occurs when ____

Which part of the respiratory system is composed of C-shaped cartilaginous rings and cilia?

Sysotle occurs when the heart is ___

Which of the following in NOT a function of the digestive system?

elimination of indigestible wastes
elimination of digestible wastes

In the processing of food through the digestive tract, what is the correct order?

Which blood vessels carry blood away from the heart?

The microscopic anatomical unit of excretion found in the kidney is the ___

Which molecule is responsible for the waterproofing of the skin?

The urinary bladder is useful because it ___

Dendrites carry impulses ___

Nitrogenous wastes are produced by the ___