Biology Semester 2 Final

Biology Semester 2 Final

This is my final study guide put into a quiz to help me study for my final.

published on May 26, 20132 responses 0

Which part of the respiratory system is composed of C-shaped cartilaginous rings and cilia?

The air that is moved in and out with each normal breath is termed the ___

Food is prevented from entering the trachea by ____

If a person has a blood pressure of 120/80, the "120" refers to the ____

Which part of the brain is used to integrate incoming information and send it to the appropriate portion of the cerebrum?

The pH of the stomach is usually about _

Neurtransmitters are molecules that cross the synaptic cleft and either excite or inihibit the ____

Red blood cells are red due to ____

In humans, digestion of starches begins in the ____

In the processing of food through the digestive tract, what is the correct order?

What are the basic types of tissue?

Select the four correct answers
connective
transport
muscle
epithelial
separate
nervous

The part of the skin that has adipose tissue to help insulate the body is the ___

A reflex action is ___

The urethra serves what other body system in males?

Excretion is a process in which ___ is removed from the body.

The urinary bladder is useful because it ___

The vocal cords are found in the ___

In the body, glucose is stored in the liver as ____

The alveoli are kept open by ____ so that gas exchange can take place.

Which are cell fragments that help initiate blood clotting?

Which layer of the skin protects the body from bacterial infection and water loss?

Nitrogenous wastes are produced by the ___

Which lobe of the cerebrum is responsible for vision?

Villi serve to ___

Which molecule is responsible for the waterproofing of the skin?

Muscles are connected to bones by ___

The primary function of the spiinal cord involve ____ between brain and spinal nerve.

Which blood vessels carry blood away from the heart?

Dendrites carry impulses ___

Reabsorption occurs in the ____ of the nephron

Which respiratory organ normally allows both air and food passage?

Heartburn occurs when ____

The rate of breathing is chiefly dependent on chemical factors in the blood, of which the most important is ___

What is the function of sodium bicarbonate in the digestive tract?

What is the function of the nervous tissues?

The blood vessel that provides oxygen to the heart tissue is the ___

What is the function of the epithelial?

Higher than normal blood pressure is called ___

What is one word describing homeostasis?

The tube that transports urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder is the ___

Which portion of the respiratory tract is commonly referred to as the "throat"?

Which is not a major function of the respiratory tract?

warming of incoming air
moisteing incoming air
heating incoming air
filtering dust
conducting air with high oxygen levels

Microvilli forma brush border on the cells of the ___

What does HCl activate in the stomach?

In the axon, the nerve impulses travel ___

An increased amount of ADH leads to

What is responsible for the storage of extra bile?

Melanin is a substance responsible for ____

The membranes that protect the brain and spinal cord are called ___

The digestive juices found in the stomach include

The sodium/potassium pump is primarily responsible for the ___

Most of the carbon dioxide transported in the plasma is in the form of ___

The type of respiration in which ATP is produced is called ___

The entrace and exit of air into and out of the lungs is called ___

Contraction of the right ventricle forces blood initially into the ___

Which part of the brain contains centers for the heartbeat and respiration?

Sysotle occurs when the heart is ___

Oxygen is transported in blood most efficiently by ___

A nerve is composed of ____

Which type of cell is used to carry oxygen in the blood?

The main function of the cerebrospinal fluid is protection of ___

Platelets initiate ___

What is the function of muscle tissue?

The ___ functions to store food, kill bacteria, and partially digest proteins.

Trace the path of an inhaled air molecule.

nasal cavity, larynx, glottis, pharynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles,
alveoli
nasal cavity, pharynx, glottis, larynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles,
alveoli
nasal cavity, larynx, glottis, pharynx, trachea, bronchioles, bronchi,
alveoli

The glomerular capsule ____

Water is absorbed primarily by the ___

Name the accessory glands in the digestive system.

Which blood vessels will have walls only one cell thick?

The exchange of gases between the lungs and the blood occurs by the process of ___

Spnal nerves contain ___

What is the function of connective tissue?

What is the change in the difference in positive and negative ions on the outer and inner surfaces of the neurons?

Which of the following in NOT a function of the digestive system?

ingestion
digestion
absorption
elimination of indigestible wastes
elimination of digestible wastes

The Adam's apple is actually a part of the ___

Expired air will contain ____ than inspired air.

The pacemaker of the heart is termed the

In the body, glucose is stored in the liver as ____

The microscopic anatomical unit of excretion found in the kidney is the ___

The blood that enters the coronary artery comes from the ___

The physical principle upon which kidney dialysis is based is ___

Name the tissue in which the cells are separated by a liquid.

Which type of muscle is involuntary and lacks striations?

The part of the circulation involved with pumping blood to and from the lungs is the ___

The ____ capillaries are enclosed by the glomerular (Bowman's) capsule.