Biology Semester 2 Final

Biology Semester 2 Final

This is my final study guide put into a quiz to help me study for my final.

published on May 26, 20132 responses 0

The air that is moved in and out with each normal breath is termed the ___

Which portion of the respiratory tract is commonly referred to as the "throat"?

Which lobe of the cerebrum is responsible for vision?

The microscopic anatomical unit of excretion found in the kidney is the ___

Which blood vessels carry blood away from the heart?

Water is absorbed primarily by the ___

The part of the circulation involved with pumping blood to and from the lungs is the ___

The part of the skin that has adipose tissue to help insulate the body is the ___

The entrace and exit of air into and out of the lungs is called ___

Which part of the brain contains centers for the heartbeat and respiration?

What are the basic types of tissue?

Select the four correct answers

What is responsible for the storage of extra bile?

What does HCl activate in the stomach?

The vocal cords are found in the ___

What is the function of the epithelial?

What is the change in the difference in positive and negative ions on the outer and inner surfaces of the neurons?

Higher than normal blood pressure is called ___

In the axon, the nerve impulses travel ___

Melanin is a substance responsible for ____

In the processing of food through the digestive tract, what is the correct order?

Which part of the brain is used to integrate incoming information and send it to the appropriate portion of the cerebrum?

What is the function of connective tissue?

If a person has a blood pressure of 120/80, the "120" refers to the ____

Which is not a major function of the respiratory tract?

warming of incoming air
moisteing incoming air
heating incoming air
filtering dust
conducting air with high oxygen levels

In the body, glucose is stored in the liver as ____

The exchange of gases between the lungs and the blood occurs by the process of ___

A nerve is composed of ____

Excretion is a process in which ___ is removed from the body.

Which respiratory organ normally allows both air and food passage?

In humans, digestion of starches begins in the ____

Food is prevented from entering the trachea by ____

Microvilli forma brush border on the cells of the ___

Villi serve to ___

The pacemaker of the heart is termed the

Which type of muscle is involuntary and lacks striations?

The glomerular capsule ____

Heartburn occurs when ____

Name the tissue in which the cells are separated by a liquid.

In the body, glucose is stored in the liver as ____

Neurtransmitters are molecules that cross the synaptic cleft and either excite or inihibit the ____

What is one word describing homeostasis?

Which layer of the skin protects the body from bacterial infection and water loss?

What is the function of muscle tissue?

The primary function of the spiinal cord involve ____ between brain and spinal nerve.

What is the function of sodium bicarbonate in the digestive tract?

Spnal nerves contain ___

Nitrogenous wastes are produced by the ___

The pH of the stomach is usually about _

The urethra serves what other body system in males?

Muscles are connected to bones by ___

The type of respiration in which ATP is produced is called ___

An increased amount of ADH leads to

The ___ functions to store food, kill bacteria, and partially digest proteins.

Reabsorption occurs in the ____ of the nephron

Most of the carbon dioxide transported in the plasma is in the form of ___

Contraction of the right ventricle forces blood initially into the ___

Expired air will contain ____ than inspired air.

Red blood cells are red due to ____

Platelets initiate ___

The blood that enters the coronary artery comes from the ___

Dendrites carry impulses ___

The digestive juices found in the stomach include

The ____ capillaries are enclosed by the glomerular (Bowman's) capsule.

The urinary bladder is useful because it ___

Which are cell fragments that help initiate blood clotting?

Which part of the respiratory system is composed of C-shaped cartilaginous rings and cilia?

Sysotle occurs when the heart is ___

The physical principle upon which kidney dialysis is based is ___

Which type of cell is used to carry oxygen in the blood?

Which blood vessels will have walls only one cell thick?

Which of the following in NOT a function of the digestive system?

elimination of indigestible wastes
elimination of digestible wastes

The main function of the cerebrospinal fluid is protection of ___

Oxygen is transported in blood most efficiently by ___

What is the function of the nervous tissues?

A reflex action is ___

The tube that transports urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder is the ___

The blood vessel that provides oxygen to the heart tissue is the ___

The sodium/potassium pump is primarily responsible for the ___

The rate of breathing is chiefly dependent on chemical factors in the blood, of which the most important is ___

The alveoli are kept open by ____ so that gas exchange can take place.

Which molecule is responsible for the waterproofing of the skin?

Trace the path of an inhaled air molecule.

nasal cavity, larynx, glottis, pharynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles,
nasal cavity, pharynx, glottis, larynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles,
nasal cavity, larynx, glottis, pharynx, trachea, bronchioles, bronchi,

Name the accessory glands in the digestive system.

The Adam's apple is actually a part of the ___

The membranes that protect the brain and spinal cord are called ___