Chemical Building Blocks

Chemical Building Blocks

This quiz includes describing matter, measuring matter, particles of matter, Elements from earth, Solids liquids and gases, Non-metals and metalloids, and more on the periodic table. Good luck! - Jesse Hansen (student)

published on February 14, 201319 responses 2 3.0★ / 5

Pure Substance

A substance made out of atoms that consist of no protons
A state of matter that has no shape or substance
A substance made of only one kind of matter and having
definite properties

Halogen Family

The elements in group 17 of the periodic table
The elements in group 18 of the periodic table
The elements in group 12 of the periodic table

Transition Metal

An element in group 1 of the periodic table
An element in group 2 of the periodic table
An element in group 3-12 of the periodic table

Crystalline Solid

A gas that loses 3 electrons every time it is touched by another
gas
A chemical made of of crystals and particles
A substance that is made up of crystals in which particles are
arranged in a regular, repeating pattern

Semiconductor

An element that can conduct electricity under some conditions
An element that has some of the characteristics of metals and
some of the characteristics of nonmetals
An element in group 7 in the periodic table

Alkali Metal

An element in group 1 of the periodic table
An element in group 2 of the periodic table
An element in group 3-12 of the periodic table

Melting Point

The temperature at which a substance changes from a solid to
a liquid
The temperature at which a substance changes from a liquid to
a metal
None of the above

Mixture

Multiple substances that are separated but not chemically
broken
Two or more substances that are mixed together and
chemically combined
Two or more substances that are mixed together but not
chemically combined

Chemical Bond

The force that holds two atoms together
The substance holding two states of matter together
The black line in the periodic table

Atom

THe smallest particle of an element
The largest particle of an element
The strongest particle of an element

Characteristic Property

A quality of substance that never changes and can be used to
identify a substance
A quality of substance that changes and can be used to identify
a substance
A state of matter that has a definite volume and definite state

Gas

A state of matter with no definite shape or volume
A state of matter with no electrons
A state of matter that lacks 2 electrons

Why do all elements in a group of the Periodic Table have similar properties?

Answer: Because the elements are put into groups by their (fill in the blank)

Atomic Number
Properties
Mass

Actinide

An element in the second row of the rare earth elements in the
periodic table
An element in group 1 of the periodic table
An element in group 18 of the periodic table

Noble Gases

The elements in group 17 of the periodic table
The elements in group 18 of the periodic table
The elements in group 12 of the periodic table

How are atoms and molecules similar and how do they differ?

Similar: Atoms consists of two or more molecules
Physical Change: substance
Chemical Change: identity
Similar: Molecule consists of two or more atoms

Reactivity

A substance that transmits heat and electricity
The ease and speed with which an element or compound
combines with other elements and compounds
An element in group 2 or the periodic table

Lanthanide

An element in group 1 of the periodic table
An element in group 3 of the periodic table
An element in the first row of the rare earth elements in the
periodic table

Nonmetal

A movement by which gas flows through other gases
chemically bonding them together
An element that lacks most of the properties of metals
A liquid that lacks most of the atoms in its substance

Boiling Point

A state of time that has a definite measurement in a certain
amount of time
The temperature at which a substance changes from a liquid to
a gas
The smallest particle of an element

Magnetic

A characteristic of those metals that are attracted to magnets
and can be made into magnets
A characteristic of a liquid that is attracted to another liquid
A movement by which gas flows through other gases
chemically bonding them together

Molecule

A mis of two or more electrons
A separation of two or more protons
A combination of two or more atoms

Conductor

A substance that transmits heat or electricity easily
A substance that transmits solids or liquids easily
A substance that transmits heat or electricity in an over time
process

Compound

A substance made of one element that is chemically combined
A substance made of two electrons reacting to the proton's
force in the atom
A substance made of two or more elements chemically
combined

Chemical Change

A change in which one or more substances combine or break
apart to dorm new substances
A combination of two or more atoms
The force that holds two atoms together

Solid

A state of matter with a changing volume and solid state
A state of matter that has a definite volume and a definite state
A state of matter with 67% liquid in it

Diatomic Molecule

A molecule composed of 1 atom
A molecule composed of 2 atoms
A molecule composed of 3 atoms

Metalloid

An element in group 7 in the periodic table
An element that can conduct electricity under some conditions
An element that has some of the characteristics of metals and
some of the characteristics of nonmetals

What is the difference between physical and chemical change?

Physical Change: weight
Chemical Change: mass
Physical Change: substance
Chemical Change: identity
Physical Change: atoms
Chemical Change: protons

Ductile

A term used to describe the relationship between two variables
whose graph in a straight line passing through the point
A molecule composed of two atoms
A term used to describe the loss of electrons in an element

Element

A substance of two or more elements that are chemically
separated from each other
A substance that cannot be broken down into other substances
by chemical or physical means
A substance made of two or more elements chemically
combined

Alkaline Earth Metal

An element in group 1 of the periodic table
An element in group 2 of the periodic table
An element in group 3-12 of the periodic table

Liquid

A state of matter that has a definite volume and a definite state
A state of matter that has no definite shape but has a definite
volume
A state of matter with 67% liquid in it

Physical Change

A state of matter that has no definite volume
A change in a substance that does not change its identity and
keeps its state
A change in a substance when the boiling point becomes to
weak to transition