The Digestive System / Human Energy

*biology lab quiz*

published on March 02, 2011385 responses 1 5.0★ / 5

The digestive system supplies the human body with?

What do nutrients supply the human body with?

Where do nutrients come from?

Energy is measured in?

Define Calorie

Where are calories found?

Which of the above three provide the most calories per unit weight?

Digestion primarily occurs in which 3 organs?

Enzymes found in saliva converts starch to?

Where does digestion begin?

The epiglottis prevents food from entering the?

Define peristalsis:

Gastric juices are secreted by glands in the walls of the?

What does the enzyme pepsin break down?

What is the function of mucus?

Name 4 substances that can pass directly from the stomach into the blood stream.

The pyloric valve controls the release of material from the?

Pancreatic enzymes help break down,____,_____, and_____?

What substance helps to break down fat?

Bile is produced in the liver and stored in the?

What are villi?

Villi function in?

The lymphatic system picks up most of the?

Which organ is involved in detoxification?

What are broken down into amino acids?

Bacteria living in the large intestine synthesizes?

Which type of metabolism releases energy?

Anabolism-does this type of metabolism build or break down substances?

Name 2 substances required for enzyme function.

Can emotions influence the feeling of hunger?

no
yes

What are the 4 layers of the stomach?

Muscosa, Submuscosa, Muscularis, Subserosa
Villi, ovule, milli, stomach wall
Tricosa, Syntusca, Muscosa, Suberosa

Vitamin K is produced by?

Amylase, the enzyme that breaks down starch, is produced in the mouth and in the?

Pancreas
Liver
Kidney

The reabsorption of water takes place in the?

small intestine
stomach
large intestine

Bile salts are produced in the liver, stored in the gall bladder, and are used to break down?

amino acids
fat
proteins

Glycolysis, Krebs cycle, and _____ is involved in the breaking down of food into ATP.

digestion
electron transport chain
miosis

How does the cecum differ between human and the koala?

BMR stands for..

Body Mass Ratio
Basal Metabolic Rate
Body Metabolic Rate

Specific Dynamic Action (SDA) is the _______ required to digest, absorb, transport, and metabolize the food that you eat.

system
protein
energy

Physical Activity (PA) plays a major role in your ________ and amounts to an average of 30% of __________.

Total caloric requirements; Total caloric expenditure
Health; Body Mass
Daily routine; Calories

BMR is the amount of energy your body needs to maintain normal life processes.

True
False